Could a hug a day keep the doctor away? The answer may be a resounding “yes!” 21 helping you feel close and 22 to people you care about, it turns out that hugs can bring a 23 of health benefits to your body and mind. Believe it or not, a warm embrace might even help you 24 getting sick this winter.
In a recent study 25 over 400 health adults, researchers from Carnegie Mellon University in Pennsylvania examined the effects of perceived social support and the receipt of hugs 26 the participants’ susceptibility to developing the common cold after being 27 to the virus .People who perceived greater social support were less likely to come 28 with a cold ,and the researchers 29 that the stress-reducing effects of hugging 30 about 32 percent of that beneficial effect. 31 among those who got a cold, the ones who felt greater social support and received more frequent hugs had less severe 32 .
“Hugging protects people who are under stress from the 33 risk for colds that’s usually 34 with stress,” notes Sheldon Cohen, a professor of psychology at Carnegie. Hugging “is a marker of intimacy and helps 35 the feeling that others are there to help 36 difficulty.”
Some experts 37 the stress-reducing , health-related benefits of hugging to the release of oxytocin, often called “the bonding hormone” 38 it promotes attachment in relationships, including that between mother and their newborn babies. Oxytocin is made primarily in the central lower part of the brain , and some of it is released into the bloodstream. But some of it 39 in the brain, where it 40 mood, behavior and physiology.
My brother, Henry, has an excellent job at a bank. I couldn’t 41 him 42 he told me that he had decided to give it 43. Though I tried to make him 44 his mind, I failed completely. “You should reconsider your decision,” I said. “You have already spent five years in the bank and you could have a wonderful career. You might become a bank manager 45 the time you’re thirty-five.” “I know,” Henry answered. “I’ve got no complaints of the bank. It’s a good job in pleasant surroundings and we keep civilized hours. The bank manager told me that my 46 were excellent.” “Then why do you want to leave?” I exclaimed. “It’s the money,” Henry said. “But you’re getting a good salary,” I answered. “I don’t 47 that,” Henry said. “What do I do at the bank? Well, at the moment 48 I do is to count money. I find it very depressing.” “What’s depressing about counting money?” I asked, unable to follow the logic of Henry’s argument. “You don’t understand,” Henry answered. “I 49 counting my own money, 50 I hate counting other people’s!”
People have speculated for centuries about a future without work.Today is no different， with academics， writers， and activists once again 【1】 that technology is replacing human workers. Some imagine that the coming work-free world will be defined by 【2】 . A few wealthy people will own all the capital， and the masses will struggle in an impoverished wasteland.. A different and not mutually exclusive 【3】 holds that the future will be a wasteland of a different sort， one 【4】 by purposelessness： Without jobs to give their lives 【5 】， people will simply become lazy and depressed. 【6】 today’s unemployed don’t seem to be having a great time. One Gallup poll found that 20 percent of Americans who have been unemployed for at least a year report having depression， double the rate for 【7】 Americans. Also， some research suggests that the 【8】 for rising rates of mortality， mental-health problems， and addicting 【9】 poorly-educated middle-aged people is shortage of well-paid jobs. Perhaps this is why many 【10】 the agonizing dullness of a jobless future. But it doesn’t 【11】 follow from findings like these that a world without work would be filled with unease. Such visions are based on the 【12】of being unemployed in a society built on the concept of employment. In the 【13】 of work， a society designed with other ends in mind could 【14】 strikingly different circumstances for the future of labor and leisure. Today， the 【15】 of work may be a bit overblown. “Many jobs are boring， degrading， unhealthy， and a waste of human potential，” says John Danaher， a lecturer at the National University of Ireland in Galway. These days， because leisure time is relatively 【16】 for most workers， people use their free time to counterbalance the intellectual and emotional 【17】 of their jobs. “When I come home from a hard day’s work， I often feel 【18】 ，” Danaher says， adding， “In a world in which I don’t have to work， I might feel rather different”—perhaps different enough to throw himself 【19】 a hobby or a passion project with the intensity usually reserved for 【20】matters.