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2015年公共英语三级(pets3)专家提分模考(2)

资格证之王发布于 2016-12-21 12:58
(6.0)分
  • 试卷时长
    120 分钟
  • 题目数
    7 道题
  • 试卷总分
    75
  • 已售
    17
  • 答题中和交卷后均可查看答案
    无重答限制
积分 10.0 / 次 买考试

试卷描述

外语类->公共英语

试卷结构

SECTION II Use of English(15 minutes)
技能
题型
题目数
分值
未指定技能
组合题
1
20
SECTION III Reading Comprehension Part A(40 minutes)
技能
题型
题目数
分值
未指定技能
组合题
3
15
SECTION III Reading Comprehension Part B(40 minutes)
技能
题型
题目数
分值
未指定技能
组合题
1
5
SECTION IV Writing Part A(40 minutes)
技能
题型
题目数
分值
未指定技能
问答题
1
25
SECTION IV Writing Part B(40 minutes)
技能
题型
题目数
分值
未指定技能
问答题
1
10
第一部分:SECTION II Use of English(15 minutes) (共1道题) 展开全部
1 [ 组合题 ] (20.0分) 未指定技能
回答各题。
Most young people enjoy physical activities, walking, cycling, football, or mountaineering.
These who have a passion__26__climbing high and difficult mountains are often__27__withastonishment.Why are men and women__28__to suffer cold and hardship, and to__29__on highmountains? This astonishment is caused, probably, by the difference between mountaineering andother forms of activities__30__which men give their leisure.
There are no man-made rules, as there are for__31__games as golf and football.There are,of course, rules of different kinds which it would be dangerous to__32__, but it is this freedomfrom man-made rules __33__makes mountaineering attractive to many people.Those who climbmountains are free to use their own__34.__
If we __35__mountaineering with other more familiar sports, we might think that one bigdifference is__36__mountaineering is not a "team work".However, it is only our misunderstand-ing.There are, in fact, no " matches"__37__"teams" of climbers, but when climbers are on a rockface linked by a rope on which their lives may__38__, obviously, there is teamwork.
A mountain climber knows that he may have to fight with natural__39__that are stronger andmore powerful than man.His sport requires high mental and__40__qualities.
A mountain climber__41__to improve on skill year after year.A skier is probably past hisbest by the age of thirty, and most international tennis champions__42__in their early twenties.
But it is not__43__for men of fifty or sixty to climb the highest mountains in the Alps.They maytake more__44__than younger men, but they probably climb with more skill and less__45__of ef-fort, and they certainly experience equal enjoyment.
1 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
第26题__________
  • A
    for
  • B
    in
  • C
    to
  • D
    of
2 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
第27题__________
  • A
    looked up to
  • B
    looked forward
  • C
    looked into
  • D
    looked upon
3 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
第28题__________
  • A
    willing
  • B
    reluctant
  • C
    unwilling
  • D
    probable
4 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
第29题__________
  • A
    take pains
  • B
    run risk
  • C
    take a risk
  • D
    make efforts
5 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
第30题__________
  • A
    to
  • B
    with
  • C
    for
  • D
    towards
6 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
第31题__________
  • A
    so
  • B
    various
  • C
    different
  • D
    such
7 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
第32题__________
  • A
    apply
  • B
    worry
  • C
    ignore
  • D
    notice
8 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
第33题__________
  • A
    which
  • B
    that
  • C
    how
  • D
    why
9 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
第34题__________
  • A
    methods
  • B
    forms
  • C
    rules
  • D
    activities
10 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
第35题__________
  • A
    correlate
  • B
    relate
  • C
    compare
  • D
    contrast
11 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
第36题__________
  • A
    for
  • B
    what
  • C
    which
  • D
    that
12 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
第37题__________
  • A
    within
  • B
    from
  • C
    beyond
  • D
    between
13 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
第38题__________
  • A
    exist
  • B
    go
  • C
    depend
  • D
    confide
14 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
第39题__________
  • A
    strength
  • B
    storms
  • C
    powers
  • D
    forces
15 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
第40题__________
  • A
    physician
  • B
    physical
  • C
    physiological
  • D
    psychological
16 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
第41题__________
  • A
    tries
  • B
    continues
  • C
    wants
  • D
    decides
17 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
第42题__________
  • A
    will be
  • B
    appear
  • C
    are
  • D
    is
18 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
第43题__________
  • A
    unusual
  • B
    normal
  • C
    common
  • D
    strange
19 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
第44题__________
  • A
    strength
  • B
    efforts
  • C
    energy
  • D
    time
20 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
第45题__________
  • A
    shortage
  • B
    lack
  • C
    rubbish
  • D
    waste
第二部分:SECTION III Reading Comprehension Part A(40 minutes) (共3道题) 展开全部
1 [ 组合题 ] (5.0分) 未指定技能
回答各题。
Technology has been an encouragement of historical change.It acted as such a force in Eng-land beginning in the eighteenth century, and across the entire Western World in the nineteenth.
Rapid advances were made in the use of scientific findings in the manufacture (制造) of goods,which has changed ideas about work.One of the first changes was that other forms of energy havetaken the place of human power.Along with this came the increased use of machines to manufac-ture products in less time.
People also developed machines that could produce the same parts for a product: each nail wasexactly like every other nail, meaning that each nail could be changed for every other nail.Thismeans that goods could be mass produced, though mass production required breaking productiondown into smaller and smaller tasks.
Once this was done, workers no longer started on the product and labored to complete it.In-stead, they might work only one thousandth of it, other workers completing their own parts in cer-tain order.There is nothing strange about this manufacturing work by today' s standards.Highlyskilled workers were unable to compare with the new production techniques, as mass production al-lowed goods of high standard to be produced in greater number than could ever be done by hand.
But the skilled worker wash' t the only loser, the common workers lost too.Similar changes forcedfarmers away.The increased mechanization(机械化) of agriculture freed masses of workers fromploughing the land and harvesting its crops.They had little choice but to stream toward the rapidlydeveloping industrial centers.Increasingly, standards were set by machines.Workers no longerowned their own tools, their skill was no longer valued, and pride in their work was no longer pos-sible.Workers fed, looked after and repaired the machines that could work faster than humans atgreatly reduced cost.
1 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
In this passage, which of the following is NOT considered as a change caused by the use of scientific findings in the production of goods?
  • A
    Other forms of energy have taken the place of human power.
  • B
    The increased exploitation of workers in the 19th century.
  • C
    The increased use of machines to make products in less time.
  • D
    The use of machines producing parts of the same standard.
2 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
The underlined word "this" in the In'st paragraph refers to__________.
  • A
    the use of scientific findings
  • B
    the practice of producing the same parts for a product
  • C
    the human power being replaced by other forms of energy
  • D
    the technology becoming the encouragement of historical change
3 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
The underlined word "this" in the second paragraph refers to the change that__________.
  • A
    each nail could be taken the place of by every other nail
  • B
    each nail was exactly like every other nail
  • C
    producing tasks became smaller and smaller
  • D
    goods could be mass produced
4 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
According to the writer, highly skilled workers__________.
  • A
    completely disappeared with the coming of the factory system
  • B
    were dismissed by the boss
  • C
    were unable to produce goods of high standard
  • D
    were unable to produce fine goods at that same speed as machines
5 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
According to the passage, what did the farmers have to do with the coming of mechaniza-tion of agriculture?
  • A
    Many of them had to leave their farmland for industrial centers.
  • B
    They stuck to their farm work.
  • C
    They refused to use machines.
  • D
    They did their best to learn how to use the machines.
2 [ 组合题 ] (5.0分) 未指定技能
回答各题。
Nowadays,a standard for measuring power has changed.These changes foretell a new standardfor measuring power.No longer will a nation' s political influence be based solely on the strength ofits military forces.Of course, military effectiveness will remain a primary measure of power.But po-litical influence is also closely tied to industrial competitiveness.It' s often said that without its mili-tary the Soviet Union would really be a third-world nation.The new standard of power and influencethat is evolving now places more emphasis on the ability of a country to compete effectively in the e-conomic markets of the world.
America must recognize this new course of events.Our success in shaping world events over thepast 40 years has been the direct result of our ability to adapt technology and to take advantage of thecapabilities of our people for the purpose of maintaining peace.Our industrial prowess(威力) overmost of this period was unchallenged.It is ironic (有讽刺性的)that it is just this prowess that hasenabled other countries to prosper and in turn to threaten our industrial leadership.
The competitiveness of America' s industrial base is an issue bigger than the department of de-fense and is going to require the efforts of the major institutional forces in our society, govemment,industry, and education.That is not to say that the defense department will not be a strong force inthe process.But we simply cannot be, nor should we be, looked upon by others as the savior(救星)of American industry.
1 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
Now a nation's political influence depends on__________.
  • A
    the strength of its military forces
  • B
    its ability to compete in industry
  • C
    economic markets
  • D
    both A and B
2 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
The Soviet Union was not being listed as a third-world nation just because of__________.
  • A
    its powerful military forces
  • B
    its vast land
  • C
    its industrial competitiveness
  • D
    its contributions to world peace
3 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
The author indicates that is threatening American political power.
  • A
    other countries
  • B
    the declining U.S.industrial base
  • C
    a new standard for measuring power
  • D
    less advanced technology
4 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
America succeeded in shaping world events over the past 40 years probably because of__________.
  • A
    its ability to adapt technology
  • B
    its ability to take advantage of the capabilities of its people
  • C
    its ability to compete in the world markets
  • D
    both A and B
5 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
The purpose of writing this article is
  • A
    to draw the readers' attention to a new standard for measuring power
  • B
    to demonstrate America political influence in the world
  • C
    to emphasize that effort must be made to strengthen the declining U.S.industrial base
  • D
    to show American industrial prowess
3 [ 组合题 ] (5.0分) 未指定技能
回答各题
Fishing adds only about one percent to the global economy, but on a regional basis it can con-tribute extremely to human survival.Marine fisheries contribute more to the world' s supply of pro-tein than beef,poultry or any other animal source.
Fishing typically does not need land ownership, and because it remains, generally, open to all, itis often the employer of last resort in the developing world--an occupation when there are no otherchoices.Worldwide, about 200 million people rely on fishing for their livelihoods.Within SoutheastAsia alone, over five million people fish full-time.In northem Chile forty percent of the populationlives off the ocean.In Newfoundland most employment came from fishing or servicing that indus-try--until the collapse of the cod fisheries in the early 1990s that left tens of thousands of people outof work.
Though debates over the conservation of natural resources are often cast as a conflict betweenjobs and the environment, the restoration of fish populations would in fact boost employment.Mi-chael P.Sissenwine and Andrew A.Rosenberg of the U.S.National Marine Fisheries Service haveestimated that if depleted species were allowed to rebuild to their long-term potential, their sustainableuse would add about $ 8 billion to the U.S.gross domestic product--and provide about 300,000jobs.If fish populations were restored and properly managed, about twenty million metric tons couldbe added to the world' s annual catch.But restoration of ecological balance, fiscal profitability ( 收益) and economic security will require a continual reduction in the capacity of the commercial fishingindustry so that wild populations can recover.
The necessary reductions in fishing workforce need not come at the expense of jobs.Govern-ments could increase employment and reduce the pressure on fish populations by guiding subsidies a-way from highly mechanised ships.For each $1,000,000 of investment,industrial-scale fishing op-erations require only one to five people, while small-scale fisheries would employ between 60 and3,000.Industrial fishing itself threatens tens of millions of fishermen working on a small scale by de-pleting the fish on which they depend for subsistence.
1 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
The animal source which provides the most protein for human being is__________.
  • A
    beef
  • B
    fish
  • C
    pork
  • D
    chicken
2 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
Paragraph 2 indicates that__________.
  • A
    most of man' s employment is from fishing
  • B
    man can always turn to fishing for employment
  • C
    forty percent of Chileans live on fishing boats or ships
  • D
    fishing has been the biggest industry in Newfoundland
3 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
In the conflict between jobs and the environment,the author takes sides with those who are in favour of__________.
  • A
    increasing the annual catch
  • B
    creating more jobs
  • C
    getting greater fiscal profitability
  • D
    conserving natural resources
4 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
The balance between jobs and the environment can be kept if__________.
  • A
    fishing capacity is further increased
  • B
    fishing jobs are further increased
  • C
    fewer well-equipped fishing ships are used
  • D
    fewer species are allowed to rebuild
5 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
The passage suggests that making less use of modern technology may__________.
  • A
    reduce pressure on fish populations
  • B
    threaten the world' s annual catch
  • C
    increase government' s investment
  • D
    cost tens of thousands of fishermen' s jobs
第三部分:SECTION III Reading Comprehension Part B(40 minutes) (共1道题) 展开全部
1 [ 组合题 ] (5.0分) 未指定技能
回答各题。
Greg Louganis:
These were the trials for the 1988 Olympics in Seoul, Korea.Until this dive, I had been ahead.But now, something else was more significant than winning.I might have endangered other divers'lives if I have spilled blood in the pool.For what I knew--that few others knew--was that I wasHIV-positive.AIDS forced me to stop diving; I had to quit diving professionally after the Olympics.
Margaret Chart:
It is reported that almost three million people in developing countries are now receiving drugsfor HIV.This is an increase of almost one million people from two thousand and six.Still, the hopewas to reach three million by two thousand and five.But antiretroviral therapy, or ART, alone willnot solve the problem.For every two persons we manage to provide them with ART, another fivepersons get infected.So again, we cannot underestimate the power of prevention.
Paula Green:
The disease robs the body of its natural defenses against infections.Almost seventy-five percentof people receiving HIV drugs are in Africa.The drugs help patients live longer without developingAIDS.An estimated nine million seven hundred thousand people in low and middle income countrieswere in need of HIV treatment last year.However, by the end of the year, just over thirty percent ofthem were getting it.
Raymond Chow:
Price reductions can be a main method to let more people with H1V, including more pregnantwomen, receive the drugs.Also, delivery systems should be redesigned to better serve individualcountries and smaller health centers.And treatments should be simpler than in the past.
William Wang:
Huge barriers still remain in dealing with the AIDS epidemic.Getting patients to stay on theirtherapy is difficult.There are still large numbers of people who do not.get tested for HIV.And thereare many others who get tested too late and die within months.What's more, there is not enoughjoint treatment of HIV and the related infections that most often kill AIDS patients.And still anotherproblem is the shortage of health care workers in the developing world.
Now match each of the items (61 to 65)to the appropriate statement.
Note: There are two extra statements.
1 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
Greg Louganis
  • A
    Some HIV-positive patients don't cooperate with doc- tors.
  • B
    A/D patient's blood may be dangerous to other people's lives.
  • C
    People are scared of AIDS.
  • D
    Treatment is more urgent than prevention.
  • E
    Many people can't get HIV drugs because of poverty.
  • F
    More people get H1V treatment, but even more get infected.
  • G
    HIV drugs should be cheaper.
2 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
Margaret Chan
  • A
    Some HIV-positive patients don't cooperate with doc- tors.
  • B
    A/D patient's blood may be dangerous to other people's lives.
  • C
    People are scared of AIDS.
  • D
    Treatment is more urgent than prevention.
  • E
    Many people can't get HIV drugs because of poverty.
  • F
    More people get H1V treatment, but even more get infected.
  • G
    HIV drugs should be cheaper.
3 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
Paula Green
  • A
    Some HIV-positive patients don't cooperate with doc- tors.
  • B
    A/D patient's blood may be dangerous to other people's lives.
  • C
    People are scared of AIDS.
  • D
    Treatment is more urgent than prevention.
  • E
    Many people can't get HIV drugs because of poverty.
  • F
    More people get H1V treatment, but even more get infected.
  • G
    HIV drugs should be cheaper.
4 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
Raymond Chow
  • A
    Some HIV-positive patients don't cooperate with doc- tors.
  • B
    A/D patient's blood may be dangerous to other people's lives.
  • C
    People are scared of AIDS.
  • D
    Treatment is more urgent than prevention.
  • E
    Many people can't get HIV drugs because of poverty.
  • F
    More people get H1V treatment, but even more get infected.
  • G
    HIV drugs should be cheaper.
5 [ 单选题 ] (1.0分) 未指定技能
William Wang
  • A
    Some HIV-positive patients don't cooperate with doc- tors.
  • B
    A/D patient's blood may be dangerous to other people's lives.
  • C
    People are scared of AIDS.
  • D
    Treatment is more urgent than prevention.
  • E
    Many people can't get HIV drugs because of poverty.
  • F
    More people get H1V treatment, but even more get infected.
  • G
    HIV drugs should be cheaper.
第四部分:SECTION IV Writing Part A(40 minutes) (共1道题) 展开全部
1 [ 问答题 ] (25.0分) 未指定技能
You have made an appointment with Prof.Wang, but failed to keep it.Write a letter toyour teacher.Your letter should include:
1) apologize for your failure to keep the appointment
2) explain your reason to your teacher
3) express your wish to make another appointment
You should write approximately 100 words.Do not sign your name at the end of your letter.
Use "Li Ming" instead.You do not need to write the address.
第五部分:SECTION IV Writing Part B(40 minutes) (共1道题) 展开全部
1 [ 问答题 ] (10.0分) 未指定技能

Look at the picture below and write an essay about 120 words, making reference to thefollowing points :
1) a description of the picture
2) your comments on this phenomenon

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