[ 组合题 ]

A.The main point of the book is simple : globalization is not helping many poor countries. Incomes are not ris- ing in much of the world, and adoption of market-based policies such as open capital markets, free trade,and privatization are making developing economies less stable, not more. Instead of a bigger dose of free markets,Stiglitz argues, what' s needed to make globalization work better is more and smarter government intervention.
While this has been said before, the ideas carry more weight coming from someone with Stiglitz' s credentials. Insome ways, this book has the potential to be the liberal equivalent of Milton Friedman' s 1962 classic Capitalism andFreedom, which helped provide the intellectual foundation for a generation of conservatives. But Globalization andIts Discontents does not rise to the level of capitalism and freedom. While Stiglitz makes a strong case for govern-ment-oriented development policy, he ignores some key arguments in favor of the market. "The book' s main villainis the Intemational Monetary Fund, the Washington organization that lends to troubled countries", Stiglitz' con-tempt for the IMF is boundless, "It is clear that the IMF has failed in its mission, " he declares. "Many of the poli-cies that the IMF pushed have contributed to global instability. "
B.While parts of this book are disappointingly shallow, Stiglitz' s critique of the market-driven 90' s still reso- nates, especially when the business page is full of stories about white-collar crime and the stock marketseems stuck in a perpetual rut. Even the United States cannot blithely assume that financial markets will work on au-topilot. It is testament to the salience of Stiglitz' s arguments that many economists--even some Bush Administrationofficials--now embrace his view that economic change in the developing world must evolve more with local condi-tions, not on Washington' s calendar. Without a thorough makeover, globalization could easily become a quagmire.
Stiglitz shared a Nobel Prize last year for his work analyzing the imperfections of markets. His main complaint a-gainst Rubin and Summers, who served as Treasury Secretaries, and against Fischer, the NO. 2 official and de factochief executive of the international Monetary Fund, is that they had too much faith that markets could transform poorcountries overnight. He labels these three men market fundamentalists, who fought to maintain financial stabilitywith the same urgency that an earlier generation struggled to contain communism. Worse, he suggests, they shilledfor Wall Street, conflating the interests of the big banks with the financial health of the world.
C.St glitz, 58, is hardly the first person to accuse the 1MF of operating undemocratlcally and exacerbating Third World poverty. But he is by far the most prominent and his emergence as a critic marks an importantshift in the intellectual landscape. Only a few years ago, it was possible for pundits to claim that no mainstream e-conomist, certainly nobody of Stiglitz' s stature, took the criticism of free trade and globalization seriously. Suchclaims are no longer credible, for Stiglitz is part of a small but growing group of economists, sociologists and politi-cal scientists, among them Dani Roddk of Harvard and Robert Wade of the London School of Economics, who notonly take the critics seriously but warn that ignoring their concerns could have dire consequences. " Over the pastseveral years. Stiglitz. a celebrated theorist who was awarded the 2001 Nobel Prize in economics for his work onasymmetric information, has grown accustomed to being at the center of controversy. From 1997 to 2000. he servedas senior vice president and chief economist at the World Banka title that did not stop him from publicly criticizingthe bank' s sister institution, the International Monetary Fund. Stiglitz' s outspokenness, unprecedented for a high-ranking insider, infuriated top officials at the IMF and US Treasury Department, and eventually led James Wolfen-sohn, the World Bank' s president, to inform him that he would have to mute his criticism or resign, Stiglitz choseto leave.
D."Stiglitz' book makes a compelling case that simple-minded economic doctrine, inadequately tailored to the realities of developing countries, can do more harm than good. and that the subtleties of economic theoryare actually quite important for sound policy advice. But simplistic political advicegive developing countries morevoice and the institutions of global governance will be rendered more legitimate and efficientis equally problemat-ic. Political reform is as subtle and complex as economic reform. Evidently, the best minds among us have only be-gun to think about it. "" Joseph Stiglitz' s memoirs of his years in Washington, D.C. first as chair of PresidentBill Clinton' s Council of Economic Advisers and then as chief economist at the World Bankhave the flavor of amorality play. Our goodhearted but slightly native hero. on leave from Stanford University, sets out for the nation's capital to serve his country and improve the tot of the developing word. Once there he finds a morass of politicalopportunism, ideologically motivated decision-making and bureaucratic inertia. Undeterred. he battles valiantly onbehalf of impoverished nations against the unrelenting globalisers of the International Monetary Fund.
根据以上答案,回答各题。
1、 [ 单选题 ]
Which book review(s) contain(s) the following information?
Comparison of the significance of two economic books. 71.__________
  • A、 图中A
  • B、 图中B
  • C、 图中C
  • D、 图中D
2、 [ 单选题 ]
Stiglitz' s prestige in the field of economics. 72.__________
  • A、 图中A
  • B、 图中B
  • C、 图中C
  • D、 图中D
3、 [ 单选题 ]

Stiglitz' s criticism of those who exaggerated the power of markets in developing countries.73.__________
  • A、 图中A
  • B、 图中B
  • C、 图中C
  • D、 图中D
4、 [ 单选题 ]

Policy making should consider local conditions.74.__________
  • A、 图中A
  • B、 图中B
  • C、 图中C
  • D、 图中D
5、 [ 单选题 ]

The intervention of government is the way to assist globalization.75. __________
  • A、 图中A
  • B、 图中B
  • C、 图中C
  • D、 图中D
6、 [ 单选题 ]

Stiglitz' s dedication to the development of poor countries.76.__________
  • A、 图中A
  • B、 图中B
  • C、 图中C
  • D、 图中D
7、 [ 单选题 ]

Stiglitz' s preference of one type of economic policy over another one.77.__________
  • A、 图中A
  • B、 图中B
  • C、 图中C
  • D、 图中D
8、 [ 单选题 ]

More people joined Stiglitz in criticizing free trade and globalization.78.__________
  • A、 图中A
  • B、 图中B
  • C、 图中C
  • D、 图中D
9、 [ 单选题 ]

Stiglitz' s points have been supported by what actually happened in the country. 79. __________
  • A、 图中A
  • B、 图中B
  • C、 图中C
  • D、 图中D
10、 [ 单选题 ]

Mairdy gives positive comments on Stiglitz and his new book. 80.__________
  • A、 图中A
  • B、 图中B
  • C、 图中C
  • D、 图中D